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1.The Pantheon in Rome is a dome structure that was built in 125 AD. It was dedicated to all of the gods, which is how it came to have the name Pantheon. It is constructed of concrete and has walls that are 25 feet thick. The entrance to the Pantheon projects out from the rounded walls of the main structure and has a very high roof that is suspended by many tall pillars. It is an impressive, yet intimidating structure. I imagine that the interior is rather dark, and dreary since the only light enters through the oculus in the ceiling, which is a 27 foot opening. The concrete walls must leave visitors with the sense of being imprisoned, with a cold and dark feel. Although it was originally built in 25 BC, the current structure was created Hadrian, a cosmopolitan emperor in 125 AD. It has been pillaged and repaired many times over. As with many ancient structures, pictures of this building’s exterior show it sandwiched among more modern buildings.

The Stourhead Garden was created by Henry Hoare II who inherited the Stourhead estate. It is a beautiful piece of property nestled into a private valley. There are a number of buildings that were built in the mid 1700s and a variety of exotic trees planted there as well. The pictures of the landscape, are very reminiscent of paintings from that time period. A man made lake was created and a replica of the Pantheon was built, which gives the property an ancient feel. The structures are laid out apart from one another, almost as if allow visitors to admire each individually.

The Monticello estate includes a beautiful landscape with flowers and an orchard on the property. The main building has a warm and inviting feel for such a large brick building. There are large columns in the entrance way and a dome like structure over the center of the building. The combination of hard straight lines and the soft round shapes of the dome and upper windows work well to create an aesthetically pleasing building. This building is mainly comprised of natural brick color, white painted areas, and black shutters, which all work well to depict that building as the home of an important and prominent individual. The structure appears to be in excellent condition for being built in the late 1700s and early 1800s.

The three structures that have been discussed above have many similarities and many differences as well. The Pantheon and Stourhead Garden both have a very ancient feel, being made of rock and mortar. One of the structures in the Stourhead Garden is a replica of the Pantheon, which has a real likeness to the original. The largest difference between the two is that the Pantheon is placed precariously in the center of a bustling metropolis and seems very out of place, while the Stourhead Garden is surrounded by a beautiful valley the promotes peace of mind, which is what was intended. All three examples have dome shaped roof lines, although the Monticello estate building appears much more modern.

2 Monticello:
This was constructed around 1768/1769 with the first portion being complete in 1772. This was constructed in Neo-classical style using classical Greek and Roman architecture. Common elements of the Neo-Classical style are columns, pillars, arches and domes. Thomas Jefferson was highly influenced by Italian architecture, even the word Monticello means “small mountain” on Italian. Monticello has 35 rooms shaped in all ways, square, pentagons, and even octagons. Monticello is over 11,000 square feet, containing an east and west “portico” (a porch where columns support the roof), from north to south there are raised walkways. It is said that if you are above looking down it looks like a plus symbol. The house as an abundance of windows to allow for natural lighting, the windows on the second level join with the first level using only one pane, this is to make it look as though the house is only one level. The original house was mostly torn down and the final product was a three story brick building, consisting of two entrances. The east portico was to allow access to the public, while the west portico was the private entrance that also lead to the garden . “Eighteenth Century French one-story pavilions such as Hotel deSalm were the inspiration for this plan, the dome was the first in the United States.” (
This is considered the 8th wonder of the Ancient world. The pantheon is a true architectural wonder describe as the “sphinx of the campus martius”. The pantheon does not make popular lists of the worlds architectural icons, but some feel as though it should be. The current building has a portico with tall columns, a pedimont and a rotunda (circular hall) behind it. The pantheon should be seen as the final architectural glory of Emperor Trajans Rein. The design is considered simple and powerful with the portico with free standing columns attached to a domed rotunda. “The pantheons great interior spectacle- its enormous scale and geometric clarity of the circle-in-square pavement pattern and the domes half-sphere, and moving disco light is all the more breathtaking for the way one moves from the bustling square (piazza, in Italian) outside into the grandeur inside.” ( This building was build with no steel rods just concrete alone, Michelangelo considered it to be angelic and not human design. ( The Pantheon is considered the best preserved ancient roman monument, in which no one knows its exact age. It is a giant dome with its famous hole at the top (the eye of the pantheon). This architectural work is cylindrical covered by a half sphere with the height being equal to the radius of 43.3 meters. No windows in this great piece just the hole at the top to let light in. The floor is covered in the geometrical marble, the outside contains 16 Corinthian columns supporting the portico weighing 60 tons, 39 feet tall and 5 feet wide. (
Rolling Rome S.R.L (2014). Interesting facts about romes Pantheon: Ancient World. Retrieved from:
Moore, P.E. (1995). The Pantheon. Retrieved from:
Stourhead Garden:
This is a naturalistic and neoclassical architectural piece. The gardens make up the naturalistic, while the bridge and buildings make it neo-classical. The Stourhead garden contains beautiful views with multiple encounters, The architectural pieces include the temple of Apollo, the temple of Flora, a Pantheon and a Palladian bridge. Stourhead was one of the first country villas built using Palladian style. Palladian style is architecture based on writings and buildings the humanist/theorist from Vicenza Andrea Palladio. Palladio felt architecture should be governed with reason and principles of classical antiquity. ( “Stourhead Garden is the best example of a garden inspired by the great landscape painters of the seventeenth century.” (

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