Review Kovacs and Spens Chapter 6.
This discusses post disaster supply chains. Assume that your pre- and intra-disaster supply chain is established and now the main activities are winding down. Briefly explain the importance of either maintaining “follow on” supplies or preforming rehab to existing cache of material (pick one only). Keep in mind that you need to support both responders and population.
here are 2 different answers just paraphrase really one good answer
The logistics field is the challenging realm of placing the right people and equipment in the right place at the right time. As reviewed in our text supply chains accomplish this before, during and after an incident. Once pre- and intra-disaster supply chains are established and the crux of the incident has been resolved, the incident move into a recovery or reconstruction stage. This can be among the most challenging stage for supply chain logistics as not only is this the longest phase of a disaster but this is also the phase where supplies will need a deeper customization (Kovacs & Spens, 2012).
Immediately following an incident, supply chains can be expected to mobilize a standardized cache of relief supplies such as water, food, shelters, etc. In the recovery/reconstruction phase maintaining “follow on” supplies will be important as the recovery needs of two communities will more than likely be as unique as the populations within. These supply chains will need to more closely follow a “make-to-order” principle where flexibility will be key and the needs of the local population and responders who assist in long-term recovery will adapt throughout reconstruction.
Taking our text as an example, in the FYROM case, reconstruction was delayed by the need to secure sites from landmines creating a case where a priority was needed to defuse or displace landmines (Kovacs & Spens, 2012). Maintaining a steady flow of resources and personnel who are equipped to handle that type of long-term recovery differs from a domestic mass-housing case such as post-Katrina where the priority became temporary housing. In this case the “follow on” supplies and support included trailers and FEMA personnel to set up and maintain these temporary sites (Nigg, Barnshaw & Torres, 2006).
Kovacs, G., & Spens, K. (2012). Relief supply chain management for disasters: Humanitarian Aid and Emergency Logistics (pp. 90-102). Hershey, PA: Business Science Reference.
Nigg, J. M., Barnshaw, J., & Torres, M. R. (2006). Hurricane Katrina and the Flooding of New Orleans: Emergent Issues in Sheltering and Temporary Housing. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 604(1), 113–128. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716205285889
Performing rehab to the existing cache of material
The disaster supply chain is often cumbered by numerous challenges including a wind-down on the main activities. Sometimes, the supplies of materials and resources are typically scarce, yet the organization`s projects need to be finalized as quickly as possible to encourage recovery. The owner must, therefore, enhance his or her understanding of the reconstruction of relief supply chain designs and choose whether to perform rehab to the remaining cache of material or not.
When activities begin winding down in a pre-disaster supply chain, it usually remains exceptionally problematic. It means that the organization has to spend more on resources which need to be distributed more frequently, efficiently, and in most cases more unexpectedly. However carrying out rehab to the remaining cache of material is essential in the recovery of pre- or intra-disaster supply chain because it quickly restores the standard living conditions of the population and reestablishes confidence in the organization, (Kovács and Spens, 2012). The rehabilitation of the remaining cache of materials also enables the organization to receive technical advice as well as labor support quality control from other organizations. Furthermore, they can manage any works alongside the supply sub-contracts of the supply chain.
Additionally, executing rehab to the remaining cache of material is important since it sets apart several phases which ensure that the reconstruction of the pre- or intra-disaster supply chain is achieved as soon as possible. Some of these phases include; the preparation phase which ensures that appropriate measures are put in place to stop future disasters or prepare international humanitarians and populations for a useful response to them, (Kovács and Spens, 2012). The immediate response phase involves all activities which are linked to providing for the population influenced by a disaster. Lastly, the reconstruction phase entails the rebuilding of housing and infrastructure in the disaster area as well as the resetting of the population.
Moreover, performing rehab to the remaining cache of material in pre- or intra-disaster supply chains is quite important because it greatly focuses on similar crucial areas and interrelated challenges of the supply chains. The process also positively adds to the performance of the supply chain. The rehabilitation process also converges temporary supply chains which abide by the make-to-order rule which permits the customization and for sustaining the actual requirements of beneficiaries, (Kovács and Spens, 2012). The rules are also significant in the design of re-establishment supply chains. They also converge the beneficiaries, who are the main and the ultimate clients of the supply chain, followed by the assessments of the needs of these beneficiaries. Furthermore, the rehabilitation process brings together various construction corporations and their supply chains as well as diverse humanitarian administrations taking part in the reconstruction program.
Similarly, performing rehab to cache material of pre- or intra-disaster supply chains is crucial since it facilitates prefabrication. In this case, prefabrication reduces the necessity for the organization of convergence at the area of disaster as well as immensely promoting the purchasing economies, (Kovács and Spens, 2012). Also, the rehabilitation process may include the local community, thus, including the domestic labors, local suppliers, and small construction community firms which in turn has a positive force to the local economies.
In conclusion, the performance of rehab on the cache materials of pre- or intra-disaster supply chains largely depend on how the population is included in supply chain design. The process progressively impacts the reconstruction of the supply chains to be done effectively and faster. Furthermore, involving beneficiaries decreases delivery times and costs in the reconstruction and increases the local economy.
Kovács, G & Spens, K.M. (2012). Relief Supply Chain Management for Disasters: Humanitarian Aid and Emergency Logistics. Business Science Reference.