1, Using Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, observe an infant or toddler and relate the sensorimotor and preoperational stages to the child’s behavior. Make use of Piaget’s tasks at each of the two stages (i.e., object permanence, assimilation, etc…) Discuss these at length.
You may observe a child whom you know, or you can go to the Midland College Child Development Center or Manor Park Child Development Center to observe. If this is not feasible, discuss in detail Piaget’s first two stages.
II. Intelligence and Language:
2a. Look at the distribution of IQ scores. What does it indicate to you? What exactly is the Bell Curve and what does it represent? In which percentile do you think you would score?
2b. Baby Jordan was born to a teen mom who drank alcohol and smoked heavily during her first trimester, but quit drinking and smoking during the rest of the pregnancy. The mom has an IQ score of 105, the father has an IQ of 90. The baby is now 5 years old and is severely developmentally delayed in all areas – language, socially, physically, and cognitively. The child still wears pull ups. The child’s physical needs have always been met, but due to the mother’s emotional instability, the child’s emotional needs are never addressed. Using the research presented in the book and other sources. Discuss in detail your assessment of little Jordan. Can anything be done to remedy the situation? If so, what?
2c. Discuss normal language acquisition in an infant, toddler, and preschooler. Is language acquisition related to intelligence or reading level? If so, how?
III. Read the general information about speech/language disorders and ADHD.
http://www.kidsource.com/LDA/ (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) – Remember, you can refer to your book and/or other sources. Cite your sources.
Respond to the following questions:
3a. When is a child’s communication considered delayed?
3b. How can speech and language disorders affect a child’s
sociability and education?
3c. Is there a difference between a language disorder and a
speech disorder? What are the differences?
3d. What is ADHD? What are the potential causes? How is it treated?
IV. The Importance of Emotional Attachment
4a. According to Erik Erikson, what is the most important thing you can do as a parent to help an infant establish a sense of trust?
http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/erikson.html (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
4b. What happens if a child establishes a sense of mistrust?
4c. Discuss the different forms of attachment (i.e., Secure/Insecure).
4d. What factors can effect a child’s level of security?
4e. Give an example of how attachment is related to Erikson’s first developmental stage.
4f. How is early attachment related to relationships later in life?
4g. Go to http://www.queendom.com. (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) Take the Emotional I.Q. test. What does it say about you? Is your emotional I.Q. related to emotions as they were established/regulated during infancy? Why or why not?
V. Discipline and Self-Control
5a. Discuss effective ways of disciplining an infant and a toddler.
5b. What is Compliance and Self-Control?
5c. How can you help a toddler achieve Compliance and Control?
5d. What role does a parent’s and toddler’s temperament play in parent/child interactions?