Please Respond to Discussion question Student A: Descriptive research focuses on “important information on what, why, and how things are happening in school” (Lauer, 2006, pg. 68). Descriptive research differs from quantitative and qualitative research as quantitative research is numerical data or data that can be transformed into usable statistics and qualitative research is a scientific method of observation to gather non-numerical data through interviews, journals, and opinions. An example of descriptive research in schools would be for a school district to assess teachers’ attitudes about using technology in the classroom. The district could send a principal around each classroom 3-5 times a week for 8 weeks to see how often technology is being used by teachers and students. The principal could also keep track of what type of technology is being used and for what. This would show the district whether technology is being used positively and to further education for students. It would also show if technology is just being used as a substitution for paper and pencil work.
Lauer, P. A. (2006). An education research primer: How to understand, evaluate, and use it (1st ed.). . http://dx.doi.org/https://www.gcumedia.com/digital…
This is the orginal post to discussion board:
Descriptive research differs from qualitative and quantitative research in different ways. The first one is that descriptive research explains, illustrate, and validate what is while the other inferential research aims to investigate and explain cause and effect. For example, descriptive research can be effective in trying to explain the teacher’s attitude towards the application of computers in schools, or the way teachers apply different technological devices to teach in classrooms (AECT 2001). The research can then expand by exploiting other areas that surround teachers, technology, and education that will help one know what educational technologies are and how they help improve understanding. Some examples of how descriptive research gathers data are through the survey, interviews, direct observations, and use of questionnaires (Creswell & Creswell 2017).
Descriptive research will require a combination of both the quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. For example, descriptive research can take a survey of gender and racial interaction with technology case studies and provide a description using quantitative methods like tabulating them into categories which will be integrated by correlation calculations (AECT 2001). Unlike qualitative and quantitative research, descriptive research utilizes graphs and charts visuals to aid in the description of data.
Also, descriptive research, unlike inferential research, focuses on summarizing final report results like the central tendency like mean, correlations, and percentiles and goes beyond that to draw key inferences of research. Therefore, it has unique numbers of variables to research, mostly very few and focusing on a specific issue (AECT 2001). For example, it can apply multiple variables but to define one unique variable.
AECT. (2001). “What Is Descriptive Research?” Educational Communications and Technology. Retrieved from http://members.aect.org/edtech/ed1/41/41-01.html
Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach. Sage publications.
My professor wants a response to this. The orginal post is above. : Hi, Thanks for your reply. I am just checking but think you are referring to Theresa per her reply. Yes? I am just not sure as you use the term student. Please advise as necessary.
I would readily agree that the content offered was insightful and added to my learning per the characterisitics of a descriptive research study. It is important that we gain insight and knowledge of each of these research models when reviewing research on our own. This helps us be more mindful of the application of the findings to our own settings.