I’m attaching this case brief that i did before as an example.
Case Name: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)
- The United States District Court for the District of Kansas ruled with the school board. The trial court level was unsuccessful as the Plessy v. Ferguson doctrine was found to be decisive despite the court agreeing that segregation within the school system had a negative effect on African American children. It enforced the finding that the separate educational facilities provided equal quality in terms of teachers, curriculum, transportation and faculty.
- The plaintiffs (Brown) appealed this decision to the Supreme Court. The NAACP did not challenge the findings associated with the separate educational facilities, thus it became a challenge against the system that supported Plessy.
Statement of Facts:
The Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas had separate schools for students who were white and African American based on 1879 law, which was then challenged by the NAACP. The NAACP’s challenge against the segregation policy came to discover the enforcement of segregation in schools through the rejection of African American enrollment in the white designated schools. This segregation was believed to deprive African American children the equal protection of the laws. The NAACP brought the lawsuit seeking children are admitted to schools within their communities and non segregated as this racial separation was not equal and therefore denied them of their right.
Does the “separate but equal” doctrine from Plessy v. Ferguson deny African American students the equal protection of the laws stated by the fourteenth Amendment?
Rule of Law:
Racial segregation in public schools was unconstituional and violated the Fourteeth Amendment of the Constitution.
- Once the NAACP appealed the Supreme Court, it combined Brown’s case with four other cases of similar issues (South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware and Washington, DC). The NAACP was in charge of bringing each of the other lawsuits but they had all lost at the trial court level except the Delaware case.
- Brown was the only case that distinctly challenged the separate but equal doctrine.
- Segregation of the children based on race denies African American students the equal protection of the laws that are stated in the Fourteenth Amendment and deprives them of equal education opportunities.
- If the State had provided an opportunity for education in public school then that opportunity must be accessible equally and as a right.
- Plessy v. Ferguson’s “separate but equal” doctrine is not applicable in terms of public education.
- The Supreme Court opinion was unanimous although there were a variety of views, some were not opposed to segregation while others believed this decision would be difficult to apply.
- Chief Warren played a pivotal role in the outcome of this case. He had based his opinion on information gathered from social science studies instead of the court precedent. In addition, the language used was accessible to all Americans to understand the logistics behind the need for integration of children in public facilities.
The separate but equal schools for African Americans is unfair and unequal, violating the Equal Protection clause founded in the Fourteenth Amendment. The court’s decision was based on Chief Warren who insisted the Fourteenth Amendment gave the Court the ability to end segregation without say from the Congress. The “separate but equal” doctrine from Plessy v. Ferguson was not applicable in public education.
This is the link to the reading that you need for the assignment (Case Brief Mapp v Ohio) https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/367/64…